from the mainland and Taiwan, a major event in the University of robot soccer, dance performance 11 14, held at the University in Chongqing, "2007 Symposium on Cross-Strait robot Jinan Student Robot Soccer Tournament "on the mainland and Taiwan from 12 universities in the robot beautifully, soccer and dance performances carry the audience an eye-opener. Humanoid robot simple moves will Chongqing University, Chongqing developed out of the first personal-shaped robot read more One of the easiest ways of both helping bunions to heal naturally and preventing their formation is to wear wider shoes with more room for the toes for at least some of each day. A bunion (hallux valgus) is a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe, often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe (metatarsophalangeal joint). Bunions are specifically caused by the long-term use of shoes, particularly tight-fitting shoes with pointed toes. Bunions occur when pressure is applied to the side of the big toe (hallux) forcing it inwards towards, and sometimes under or over, the other toes (angulation). As pressure is applied, the tissues surrounding the joint may become swollen and tender. Decompression of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MPJ) is necessary to allow IM angle reduction and prevent postoperative jamming of the joint and valgus subluxation of the hallux. In my experience of performing first MPJ arthroplasties with or without total joint replacement and fusion, resecting either component of the first MPJ (i.e., via Keller or Mayo procedures) reduces the retrograde forces from the hallux valgus deformity. This leads to decompression of the joint. As a result, the IM angle reduces usually as much or more than with a base wedge procedure. If you have an inflamed bunion, put ice on it for ten minutes twice a day. Try using a night splint to align the big toe while you sleep. Use a thin padding during the day over the area to reduce irritation. When standing, whether flat, on demi-pointe or full pointe, make sure that your weight is distributed properly and that you are not putting undue pressure on the inner side of the foot and big toe. Tailor's bunion is a problem associated with the bone structure of the foot. In this condition, the fifth metatarsal bone of the foot drifts away from its normal position. Connor et al showed a statistically significant limitation in ROM ffor the physical therapy group alone compared to the group that also had CPM. No differences in groups likelihood of developing complications. CPM group discontinued oral analgesics more quickly as well as returned to wearing conventional shoewear in a significantly shorter time period. Torkki et al compared surgery, orthoses, and watchful waiting. They found surgical interventions was superior to those obtained with orthosis or watchful waiting., although the use of orthosis did provide some short-term relief. Resources Some effective tips can be followed to prevent any recurrence of bunions or any structural deformities in the foot post surgery and recovery.